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Eye on the Navy · This Month in Naval History September 1, 1781 - French fleet traps British fleet at Yorktown, Va. 1942 - First Seabee unit to serve in a combat area, 6th Naval Construction Battalion, arrives on Guadalcanal. September 2, 1940 - Destroyer-for-Bases agreement between U.S. and United Kingdom 1944 - USS Finback (SS-217) rescues Lieutenant (jg) George Bush, USNR (VT-51), shot down while attacking Chichi Jima 1945 - Japan signs surrender documents on board USS Missouri (BB-63) at anchor in Tokyo Bay. FADM Chester W. Nimitz, USN, signs for the U.S. In different ceremonies, Japanese forces on Palau Islands, Truk, and on Pagan Island and Rota in the Marianas surrender. September 3, 1782 - As a token of gratitude for French aid during American Revolution, the U.S. gives America (first ship-of-the-line built by U.S.) to France to replace a French ship lost in Boston. 1783 - Signing of Treaty of Paris ends American Revolution 1885 - First classes at U.S. Naval War College begin 1944 - First combat employment of a missile guided by radio and television takes place when Navy drone Liberator, controlled by Ensign James M. Simpson in a PV, flew to attack German submarine pens on Helgoland Island. September 4, 1804 - USS Intrepid (LT Richard Somers) blew up in failed attack on Tripoli 1941 - German submarine, U-652, attacks USS Greer, which was tracking the submarine southeast of Iceland. Greer is not damaged, but drops depth charges, damaging U-652. 1954 - Icebreakers, USS Burton Island (AGB-1) and USCG Northwind, complete first transit of Northwest passage through McClure Strait. September 5, 1776 - Adoption of first uniforms for Navy officers 1813- USS Enterprise captures HM brig Boxer off Portland, ME 1918 - USS Mount Vernon torpedoed by German submarine off France 1923 - U.S. Asiatic Fleet arrives at Yokohama, Japan, to provide medical assistance and supplies after Kondo Plain earthquake. 1939 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders Navy to form a Neutrality Patrol to report the presence of foreign warships within 300 miles of eastern United States. 1946 - USS Franklin Delano Roosevelt (CVB-42) and 4 escorts visit Greece to underscore U.S. support for the Greek Government which faced a Communist insurgency. 1990 - USS Acadia (AD-42) departs San Diego for first war-time deployment of male-female crew on combat vessel September 6, 1918 - Sailors fire first of the 5 railroad batteries at Tergnier, a German rail head in the Comeigne Forest. These 14"-50 caliber guns were originally designed for battleships. 1939 - Navy begins formation of Neutrality Patrol for Atlantic Ocean 1940 - First destroyers transferred to Great Britain at Halifax, Nova Scotia, under "Destroyers-for- Bases" agreement. 1944 - USS Independence (CVL-22) begins use of specially trained air group for night work. First time that a fully equipped night carrier operates with fast carrier task force. September 7, 1776 - David Bushnell attempts to destroy a British Ship of the Line, HMS Asia, in New York harbor with his submarine Turtle. 1814 - USS Wasp captures HMS Avon 1864 - USS Wachusett captures CSS Florida at Bahia, Brazil 1942 - First air evacuation of casualties to hospital ships off shore occurs at Guadalcanal. September 8, 1923 - In disaster at Point Honda, California, 7 destroyers run aground through faulty navigation 1939 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims limited national emergency and increases enlisted strength in the Navy and Marine Corps; also authorizes the recall to active duty of officer, men and nurses on the retired lists of the Navy and Marine Corps 1954 - U.S. signs Manila Treaty forming SEATO 1958 - LT R. H. Tabor, wearing a Navy developed pressure suit, completes 72hour simulated flight at altitudes as high a 139,000 feet. It was another step in the development of the Navy spacesuit, which NASA accepted in 1959 for use by Mercury astronauts. September 9, 1825 - USS Brandywine sails for France to carry the Marquis de Lafayette home after his year long visit to America. 1841 - First iron ship authorized by Congress 1940 - Navy awards contracts for 210 ships, including 12 carriers and 7 battleships 1943 - Operation Avalanche, Western Naval Task Force under VADM Hewitt, USN, lands Allied forces at Salerno, Italy 1944 - Fifth Fleet carrier aircraft begin air strikes on Japanese shipping and facilities at Mindanao, Philippines 1945 - A "computer bug" is first identified and named by LT Grace Murray Hopper while she was on Navy active duty in 1945. It was found in the Mark II Aiken Relay Calculator at Harvard University. The operators affixed the moth to the computer log, where it still resides, with the entry: "First actual case of bug being found." They "debugged" the computer, first introducing the term. September 10, 1813 - In Battle of Lake Erie, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, flying his "Don't give up the ship" flag, defeats British squadron and says: "We have met the enemy and they are ours..." 1925 - Submarine R-4 rescues crew of PN-9 10 miles from their destination of Hawaii (See also September 1) One School. Unlimited Possibilites. All Levels of Training For: USCG Licensing STCW Compliance S.M.A.R.T. Simulation Regulatory & Onboard Training Free! Come in or call for your Free 72-page full color Career Reference Manual & Course Catalog. It's packed with helpful information! September 11, 1814 - In Battle of Lake Champlain, Commodore Thomas Macdonough defeats a British Squadron. 1939 - Bear (AG-29) is commissioned by the U.S. Navy for Antarctic operations under command of RADM Richard Byrd, USN (Ret.). 1941 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces order to the Navy to "shoot on sight" vessels threatening U.S. shipping or ships under U.S. escort. 1942 - Pharmacist's Mate First Class Wheeler B. Lipes, USN, performs emergency appendectomy on Seaman First Class Darrell D. Rector, USNR, on board USS Seadragon on patrol in South China Sea. 2001 - American Flight 77 hijacked by terrorists struck the Pentagon. Casualties include 33 sailors, 6 Department of the Navy civilians, and 3 Navy civilian contractors reported missing, Arlington, VA. Two commercial airliners also struck the World Trade Center in New York City, NY, destroying both towers. 2002 - The "Don't Tread on Me" First Navy Jack is flown by Navy ships marking the first anniversary of the terrorists attacks on the Pentagon and World Trade Center September 13, 1814 - British bombardment of Fort McHenry inspires the Star Spangled Banner. 1847 - Marine Brigade leads U.S. forces that storm Chapultepec Castle near Mexico City, inspiring one line of the Marine Hymn 1906 - Sailors and Marines from USS Denver land in Havana at the request of the Cuban government to preserve order during a revolution. 1939 - Navy suspends transfers to the Fleet Reserve after 20 years service and retains men on active duty. 1985 - Commander Middle East Force orders escort of Military Sealift Ships in Persian Gulf because of Iranian seizure of merchant vessels. September 14, 1899 - Gunboat Concord and monitor Monterey capture two insurgent schooners at Aparri, Philippine Islands September 15, 1944 - Invasion of Peleliu, Palau Islands, after several days of intensive carrier aircraft bombing and ship bombardment. 1950 - U.S. forces under VADM Arthur Struble achieve an amphibious landing at Inchon, Korea 1967 - Operation Crimson Tide in Mekong Delta Visit us online for a Virtual Tour of our school Leading the industry for over 20 years Visit Our Website: www.mptusa.com Email Us: email@example.com Maritime Professional Training Masters, Mates and Engineers, Inc. 1915 South Andrews Avenue, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33316 Ph: +1.954.525.1014 Toll Free: 1.888.839.5025 Maritime Professional Training. All Rights Reserved. 18 Maritime Reporter & Engineering News